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Англійські медичні абревіатури

Аватар користувача
Ілля Пігович
Повідомлень: 1487
З нами з: 18 лютого 2015, 12:05
Спеціальність: хірург
Звідки: Кам'янець-Подільський
Місце роботи: Кам'янець-Подільська міська лікарня №1, хірургічне відділення

Англійські медичні абревіатури

Повідомлення#1 » 16 травня 2015, 22:53

Часто в англійських медичних текстах є скорочення, які важко зрозуміти. Знайшов непоганий список абревіатур.

a: (with bar) before (ante)
A: blood type A
AA: Alcoholics Anonymous; Ascending Aorta; Amino Acid
AAA: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
AACAP: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
AAP: American Academy of Pediatrics
AAS: Alcohol Ambulatory Service
AB: blood type AB
ABC: Aneurysmal Bone Cyst
ABCDEs: Airway, Breathing, Circulation, (neurologic) Disability, Exposure
ABG: Arterial Blood Gas
Ab: Antibody, Abortion
Abd: Abdomen
ABI: Ankle/Brachial Index (ratio of blood pressures indicative of occlusive=
disease; nl
ABO: A, B, O blood typing system
Abx: Antibiotics
a.c.: before meals
AC: Acute Cholecystitis
A/C: Assist-Control (ventilator support with spontaneous breaths)
ACA: Anti-Cardiolipin Antibody; Anterior Cerebral Artery
ACE: Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
ACh: Acetylcholine
ACL: Anterior Cruciate Ligament
ACLS: Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ACS: acute coronary syndrom
ACTH: AdrenoCorticoTropic Hormone
ADA: American Diabetic (Dental) Association; Adenosine DeAminase
ADCC: Antibody-Dependent Cell-mediated Cytotoxicity
ADD: Attention-Deficit Disorder
ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ad lib: ad libitum, "as much as wanted"
ADH: AntiDiuretic Hormone
ADRS: Affective Disorders Rating Scale
AERP: Auditory Event-Related Potentials (on EEG)
AF; AFib: Atrial Fibrillation; Anterior Fontanelle, Amniotic Fluid
AFB: Acid-Fast Bacilli (stain for mycobacteria)
AFO: Ankle-Foot Orthosis
AFP: Alpha-FetoProtein
AFTP: Ascitic Fluid Total Protein (< 2.5 g/dl =3D transudate; > 2.5 g/dl =3D=
exudate)
AG: Anion Gap (Na - [Cl + HC03]; 12)
Ag: Antigen
A/G: Albumin-to-Globulin ratio
AGA: Appropriate for Gestational Age
AH: Auditory Hallucinations
AHA: Acute Hemolytic Anemia
AJ: Ankle Jerk
AI: Aortic (valve) Insufficiency
AIDS: Aquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome
AIE: Acute Infective Endocarditis
AIN: Allergic Interstitial Nephritis
AJC: American Joint Comittee (cancer staging)
AKA: Alcoholic KetoAcidosis; Above the Knee Amputation
ALB: ALBumin
ALD: Alcoholic Liver Disease
ALG: polyclonal antibody to Iymphocytes for prophylaxis/treatment of graft=
rejection
ALL: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; ALLergies
ALS: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
ALT: ALanine Transaminase (SGPT)
AM: Ante-Meridian (morning)
AMA: Anti-Mitochondrial Antibody; Against Medical Advice; American Medical=
Association
AMB: AMBulate
AMI: Acute Myocardial Infarction
AML: Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia
AMoL: Acute Monocytic Leukemia
AMP: Adenosine MonoPhosphate
AMPLE: Allergies, Medications, Past illness & surgery, Last meal, Events=
preceding accident (trauma history)
ANA: AntiNuclear Antibody
ANC: Absolute Neutrophil Count (< 500 =3D neutopenia)
ANCA: AntiNeutrophil Cytoplastic Antibody
A&O X 3: Alert & Oriented with respect to person, place, & time
AOD: Arteriosclerotic Occlusive Disease
AODM: Adult Onset Diabetes Mellitus
AOG: Age Of Gestation
AP: Anterior/Posterior; Alkaline Phosphatase; Action Potential
A/P: Assessment & Plan
A&P: Auscultation & Percussion
APA: American Psychiatric Association
APB: Atrial Premature Beat
APC: Atrial Premature Contraction
APD: Action Potential Duration
APGAR: Appearance (color); Pulse (heart rate); Grimace (reflex=
irritability); Activity (muscle tone); Respiratory (respiratory=20
rate)
Appy: Appendectomy
APR: Abdominal Perineal Resection (Repair)
APTT: Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (intrinsic pathway; heparin=
prolongs)
APUD: Amine Precursor Uptake & Decarboxylation
AR: Aortic (valve) Regurgitation
ARC: AlDS-Related Complex
ARDS: Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ARF: Acute Renal Failure; Acute Respiratory Failure, Acute Rheumatic Fever
AROM: Active Range Of Motion; Artificial Rupture Of Membranes (Obstet.)
AS: Aortic (valve) Stenosis; AtheroSclerosis
ASA: AcetylSalicylic Acid; American Society of Anesthesiologists
ASAP: As Soon As Possible; Ambulatory Substance Abuse Program
ASCUS: Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance
ASCVD: AtheroSclerotic Coronary Vessel Disease
ASD: Atrial Septal Defect
ASHD: AtheroSclerotic Heart Disease
ASO: Anti-Streptolysin O (antibody); ArterioSclerosis Obliterans (=3D AOD)
ASPD: AntiSocial Personality Disorder
AST: ASpartate Transaminase (SQOT); Aphasia Screening Test
ATC: Around The Clock
ATL, BTL: Abdominal (Bilateral) Tubal Ligation
ATN: Acute Tubular Necrosis
ATP: Adenosine TriPhosphate
ATRS: (Conners') Abbreviated Teacher Rating Scale
AV: ArterioVenous; ArtrioVentricular; Azygous Vein
AVF: Augmented left leg ["Foot"] unipolar lead (ECG); ArterioVenous Fistula=
(=3DAVM)
A/V H: Auditory/Visual Hallucinations
AVL: Augmented Left arm unipolar lead (ECG)
AVM: ArterioVenous Malformation (embryologic anomaly of small & medium-sized=
vessels
AVN: AtrioVentricular Node; AVascular Necrosis
AVNRT: AtrioVentricular Node Reentrant Tachycardia
AVR: Augmented Right arm unipolar lead (electrocardiogram); Aortic Valve=
Replacement
AW: Alive & Well
AZT: AZidoThymidine
B: blood type B; Black
BA: Brachiocephalic (innominate) Artery
BaE: Barium Enema
BAER: Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response
BAL: BronchoAlveolar Lavage; Blood Alcohol Level
BASO: BASOphils
BBB: Blood Brain Barrier; Bundle Branch Block
BBT: Basal Body Temperature (temperature on awakening prior to any exertion=
or activity
BCAA: Branched-Chain Amino Acids
BCG: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin
BCKA: Branched-Chain KetoAcids
BCP: Birth Control Pill
BE: Barium Enema
BEAM: Brain Electrical Activity Mapping
beta hCG: beta human Chorionic Gonadotropin
BF: Black Female; BoyFriend; Breast Feeding
bid: bis in die, "2 times per day"
BH: Braxton Hicks (early contractions)
BIH: Benign Intracranial Hypertension
BKA: Below the Knee Amputation
BL: BiLateral
BLS: Basic Life Support
BM: Bone Marrow; Bowel Movement; Black Male
BMR: Basal Metabolic Rate (heat released by overnight fasted, awake=
individual resting supine
at normal body & ambient temperature without mental or physical stress)
BMV: Bag Mask Ventilation
BNS: Benign NephroSclerosis
BOPA: Balloon Occlusion Pulmonary Arteriogram
BP: Blood Pressure (=3D Cardiac Output X Total Peripheral Resistance)
BPD: BiParietal Diameter; BronchoPulmonary Dysplasia
BPF: BronchoPulmonary Fistula
BPH: Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
BPM: Beats Per Minute
BR: BathRoom
BRAC: Basic Rest-Activity Cycle (80--9r nmS in humans
BRB: Bright Red Blood
BRBPR: Bright Red Blood Per Rectum
BRP: BathRoom Privileges
BS: Bowel Sounds; Breath Sounds
BSA: Body Surtace Area (m2)
BSO: Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy
BTBV: Beat-To-Beat Variability (Obstet.)
BTL: Bilateral Tubal Ligation
BUN: Blood Urea Nitrogen
BUS, BUSK: Bartholin's, Urethral, SKene's (glands)
BV: Bacterial Vaginosis
bw: black woman
Bx: Biopsy
c: cum, "with"; carotid (pulse)
C&I: Clean & Intact
Ca: Cancer; Calcium
CA: Cocaine Anonymous
CA-125: Ovarian Cancer Antigen Marker
CABG: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CAD: Coronary Artery Disease
CAGE: Cut down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener
CAH: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia; Chronic Active Hepatitis
Calc: Calculated
cAMP: cyclic Adenosine MonoPhosphate
CaO2: Arterial Oxygen Content (=3D 1.39 x Hgb SaO2 + [PaO2 x 0.0031j; 20 vol=
%)
CAP: ChlorAmPhenicol; Creative Art Program
CAPD: Chronic Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis
CATRS: (Connors') Abbreviated Parent-Teacher Rating Scale
CAS: Child Assessment Schedule (Psych.)
CAT: Computed Axial Tomography
C(a-v)O2: Arterial-Venous Oxygen difterence (=3D CaO2-CvO2; 3.5-4.5 vol %)
Cath: Catheter
CBC: Complete Blood Count
CBD: ChildBirth Education
CBG: Corticosteroid-Binding Globulin
CBI: Continuous Bladder Irngation
CBZ: CarBamaZepine
CC: Chiet Complaint
CCE (C/C/E): Cyanosis, Clubbing, & Edema
CCK: cholecystokinin (polypeptide enzyme produced by duodenum; released upon=
contact
with fat [and, to a lesser extent, protein]; stimulates gallbladder=
contraction)
CCK-PZ: cholecystokinin-pancreazymin (produced by duodenum; potentiates=
secretin: increases
enzymes in pancreatic juice)
CCT: Cortical Collecting Tubule; Children's Checking Test (measures=
attention)
CCU: Critical Care Unit
CD: Cluster Designation (marker on leukocytes)
CDC(P): Center for Disease Control (& Prevention)
CDH: Congenital Dysplasia of the Hip (=3D DDH =3D CHD =3D congenital hip=
dislocation)
CDI (C/D/I): Clean, Dry, & Intact
CEA: CarcinoEmbryonic Antigen
CF: Cystic Fibrosis
CFA: Common Femoral Artery
CGD: Chronic Granulomatous Disease
CGL: Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia
cGy: centiGray (0.01 Gray; 1 Gray =3D 100 rad =3D 1 joule/kg)
CHD: Congenital Hip Dislocation ( =3D DDH =3D CDH)
CHOL: CHOLesterol
CHF: Congestive Heart Failure
Cl: Cardiac Index (=3D Cardiac Output[l/min]/Body Surface Area [m2]; 2 5-3.5=
I/min/m2)
CIE: Counter ImmunoElectrophoresis (latex agglutination test for bacterial=
antigens i-rlne &
CSF: H. influenzae, N. meningitidis. E coli S. pneumoniae, Group B Streptoco
CIN: Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
CIS: Carcinoma In Situ
CIU: Crisis InteNention Unit
CJD: Creukfeldt-Jakob Disease
CK: Creatine (phospho)Kinase
CK-MB: Creatine phosphoKinase MB isoenzyme (present in high concentrations=
in myocardium)
CL: Cleft Lip
CLL: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
CLOT (Clot): blood type determination
CUP: Cleft Lip & Palate
CML: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
CMN: Cystic Medial Necrosis
CMP: CardioMyoPathy
CMT: Cervical Motion Tenderness
CMV: CytoMegaloVirus; Conventional Mechanical Ventilation
CNS: Central NeNous System
CO: Cardiac Output (=3D Heart Rate X Stroke Volume; I/min); Complaining Of
c/o: Complaining Of
COAD: Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease
COLD: Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
COMT: Catechol-O-MethylTransferase
COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COR: cardiovascular (exam); Coronary
CP: Chest Pain; Cerebral Palsy; Cleft Palate
CPAP: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (used in weaning & neonatal=
ventilation
CPD, FPD: CephaloPelvic Disproportion (Fetal)
CPE: CytoPathic Effect
CPH: Chronic Persistent Hepatitis
CPIB: ChloroPhenoxylsoButync acid (active metabolite of Clofibrate)
CPK: Creatine PhosphoKinase
CPM: Continuous Passive Motion (of a joint)
CPN: Chronic PyeloNephritis
CPPD: Calcium PyroPhosphate Dihydrate (crystals in pseudogout)
CPR: CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
CR: CReatinine
CrCI: Creatinine Clearance
CREAT: CREATinine
CREST Syndrome: Calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, Esophageal dysmotility,=
Sclerodactyly, Telangiectasias
CRF: Chronic Renal Failure; Corticotropin Releasing Factor
CRFs: Cardiac Risk Factors
CRI: Chronic Renal Insufticiency
CRH: Corticotropin Releasing Hormone
CRL: Crown-Rump Length
CRS: Congenital Rubella Syndrome
Cryo: Cryotherapy; Cryoprecipitate (15-25 ml/unit; fibriinogen, factors=
Vlll, IX; 3-10 X more
concentrated than equivalent volume of fresh plasma)
c/s: Culture & Sensitivity; Cesarean Section
C&S: Culture & Sensitivity
CSCC: Cholesterol Side Chain Cleavage enzyme
CSF: CerebroSpinal Fluid; Colony Stimulating Factor
CSP: Carotid Sinus Pressure
CST: Contraction Stress Test
CT: Computed Tomography; CardioThoracic; Chest Tube
CTG: Central Terminal of Goldberger (indifferent O potential for augmented=
limb leads in ECG)
CTA/P: Clear To Auscultation & Percussion
CTF: Colorado Tick Fever
CTS: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
CTSP: Called To See Patient
CTX: Contraction (Obstet.)
CTZ: Chemoreceptor Trigger Zone (area postrema of medulla; nausea/vomiting=
with excitation)
cu mm: cubic millimeter
CV: CardioVascular (exam); Coronary (left gastric) Vein, COrd Vessels
CVA: CostoVertebral Angle; CerebroVascular Accident (stroke
CVAT: CostoVertebral Angle Tenderness
CVC: Central Venous Catheter
CvO2: Mixed Venous Oxygen Content (=3D 1.3 x Hgb x Sv02 + [Pv02 x 0.0031];=
15 vol %)
CVP: Central Venous Pressure (=3D right atrial pressure [5-15 mm Hg]; in=
absence of tricuspid
valve disease, CVP=3D RVEDP)
CVS: Chorionic Villus Sampling
c/w: consistent with
Cx: Cervix; Culture
CXR: Chest X-Ray
CYA: Cover Your Ass
D: Divorced
DA: DopAmine; Dicarboxylic Acids; Descending Aorta
DB: Direct BlLlrubin (serum concentration)
DBF: Divorced Black Female
DBILI: Direct BlLlrubin (serum concentration)
DBM: Divorced Black Man
DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure
DBW: Divorced Black Woman
D/C: DisCharge; DisContnue
D&C: Dilatation & Curettage
DCIS: Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (breast)
DCPD: DiCalcium Phosphate Dihydrate (a crystal deposition disease)
DCT: Distal Convoluted Tubule
DCYS: Department ot Children & Youth Services
DDH: Developmental Dysplasia ot the Hip (=3D CDH =3D CHD, Congenital Hip=
Dislocation)
DDI: DiDeoxylnosine
DDx: Ditterential Diagnosis
del: delivered (Obstet.)
DES: DiEthylStilbesterol; Diffuse Esophageal Spasm
Detox: Detoxitication (atter substance abuse)
DFA: Difficulty Falling Asleep
DFMO: DiFluoroMethylOrnithine
DH: Dermatitis Herpetiformis
DHEA (-S): DeHydroEpiAndrosterone (Sulfate)
DHPZ: Distal High Pressure Zone (=3D LES, Lower Esophageal Sphincter)
Dl: Diabetes Insipidus
D&I: Dry & Intact
DIC: Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
DICA: Diagnostic Interview for Children & Adolescents (Psych.)
DIFF: DlFFerential leukocyte count
DIFFERENTIAL: DlFFERENTlAL Diagnosis
DIMS: Disorders of Initiating & Maintaining Sleep
DIP: Distal InterPhalangeal (joints)
DISC: Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (Psych.)
DJD: Degenerative Joint Disease
DKA: Diabetic KetoAcidosis
DLCO: Diffusion Capacity of Carbon Moxoxide (CO)
DLE: Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
DM: Diabetes Mellitus
DMI: DesipraMlne
DMR: Department of Mental Retardation
DNCB: DiNitroChloroBenzene
DNR: Do Not Resuscitate
D/O: DisOrder
DOA: Dead On Arrival
DOC: DeOxyCorticosterone
DOE: Dyspnea On Exertion
DOES: Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
DOI: Date Of Injury
DOL: Day Of Life (Pediatrics)
DOS: Date Of Surjery
DP: Dorsalis Pedis; Diastolic Pressur 9o mm Hg
DPH: DiPhenylHydantoin (phenytoin, Dilantin)
DPT: Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus (D,T-toxoids; P-inactivated bacteria)
DR: Diabetic Retinopathy
D5RL: Dextrose 5% in Ringer's Lactate
DRN: Dorsal Raphe Nuclei
dsg: dressing (wound)
DSM R: Diagnostic & Statistical Manual (of mental disorders): 3rd=
Edition-Revised
DST: Dexamethasone Suppression Test
DT: Delirium Tremens; Distal Tubule
DTH: Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity
DTP: Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (D,T-toxoids; P-inactivated bacteria)
DTPA: DiethyleneTriaminePentaAcetic Acid (Tc99M-labeled DTPA used in renal=
scintigraphy)
DTR: Deep Tendon Reflexes
DTs: Delirium Tremens
DAU: Drugs of Abuse & Use; Drugs of Abuse - Urine
DUB: Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
DVT: Deep Venous (Vein) Thrombosis
d/w: discussed with
D5W: Dextrose 5% in Water
DWF: Divorced White Female
DWM: Divorced White Man
DWW: Divorced White Woman
Dx: Diagnosis
Dz: Disease
El: Estrone
E2: Estradiol
E3: Estriol
Eab: Elective ABortion
EB: Epidermolysis Bullosa
EBL: Estimated Blood Loss
EBV: Epstein-Barr Virus
EBx: Endometrial Biopsy
ECA: Epidemiolgic Catchment Area (program for psychiatric epidemiology)
ECC: EndoCervical Curettage; EndoCervical Cells
ECF: ExtraCellular Fluid; Extended Care Facility
ECG: ElectroCardioGram
ECHO: Echogram (Echocardiogram; Echoencephalogram)
ECM: ExtraCellular Matrix
ECRB: Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
ECRL: Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
ECT: ElectroConvulsive Therapy
ECU: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
ED: Emergency Department
ED50: Effective Dose in 50% of exp[erimental subjects
EDB: Extensor Digitorum Brevis
EDC: Estimated Date of Confinement; Extensor Digiti Communis
EDD: Estimated Date of Delivery
EDL: Extensor Digitorum Longus
Edm: Edema
EDM: Extensor Digiti Minimi
EDQ: Extensor Digiti Quinti (minimi)
EDS: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
EDTA: EthyleneDiamineTetractetic Acid
EEE: Eastern Equine Encephalitis
EEG: ElectroEncephaloGram
EENT: Eye, Ear, Nose, & Throat
EFM: Electronic Fetal Monitoring
EFW: Estimated Fetal Weight
EG: Ethylene Glycol (antifreeze; windshield de-icer)
EGA: Estimated Gestational Age
EGD: EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy
EGF: Epidermal Growth Factor
EHB: Extensor Hallucis Brevis
EHEC: EneroHemorrhagic Escherichla
EHL: Extensor Hallucis Longus
EI: Extensor Indicis
EIT: Erythrocyte Iron Turnover (rate at which Fe moves from marrow to=
circulation; correlates with reticulocyte index)
EIPV: Enhanced Intravenous Polio Vaccine (killed virus)
EJ: External Jugular (vein)
EKG: ElectroCardioGram
ELAP, Elap: Exploratory LAParotomy
ELISA: Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay
EM: Electron Microscope
EMA: Early Morning Awakening
EMD: ElectroMechanical Dissociation
EMG/NCS: ElectroMyeloGram/ Nerve Conduction Studies
EMS: Emergency Medical Service
EMT: Emergency Medical Training (Trainee)
ENA: Extractable Nuclear Antigan
ENT: Ear, Nose, Throat
EOG: ElectroOculoGram
EOMI: ExtraOcular Muscles Intact
EOSIN: EOSlNophil count; histological stain
EPI: EPlnephnne
EPO: ErythroPOietin: Evening Primrose Oil (72% cis-linoleic acid; 9=F8JO=
gamma linolenic acid)
EPS: ExtraPyramidal Symptoms
ER: Emergency Room; Estrogen Receptor; External Rotation, Endoplasmic=
Reticulum
ERCP: Endoscopic Retrograde CholangioPancreatography
ERP: Effective Refractory Period; Event-Related Potentials (on EEG)
ERT: Estrogen Replacement Therapy
ERV: Expiratory Reserve Volume
ESLD: End-Stage Liver Disease
ESR: Erjthrocyte Sedimentation Rate
ESRD: End-Stage Renal Disease
ET: Embryo Transfer
ETOH (Etoh): Ethanol
ETOP: Elective Termination Ot Pregnancy
ETT: EndoTracheal Tube; Exercise Tolerance Test
EUA: Examination Under Anesthesia
EXP: EXPectant
Ext, Extr: Extremities
F: Father
FA: Free Air
FAMA: Fluorescent Antibody Membrane Antigen (test to determine immunity to=
VZV)
FANA: Fluorescent AntiNuclear Antibody (test)
FBS: Fasting Blood Sugar (80-140)
FC: Foley Catheter
FCD: FibroCystic Disease (breast)
FCR: Flexor Carpi Radialis
FCU: Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
FDA: Food & Drug Administration
FDB: Flexor Digitorum Brevis
FDL: Flexor Digitorum Longus
FDMB: Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
FDP: Flexor Digitorum Profundus
FDS: Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
FEN: Fluid, Electrolytes, Nutrition
FENa: Fractional Excretion of Sodium (=3D Sodium Clearance/ Creatinine=
Clearance)
FEP: Free Erythrocyte Porphyrin
FEVl: Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second
FF: Fundus Firm
FF@U: Fundus Firm @ Umbilicus
FFA: Free Fatty Acids
FFHT: First Fetal Heart Tones
FFP: Fresh Frozen Plasma (200 ml/unit; all factors except platelets; 1 gm=
fibrinogen)
FGF: Fibroblast Growth Factor
FH: Family History; Familial Hypercholesterolemia; Fundal Height, Fetal=
Heart
FHB: Flexor Hallucis Brevis
FHL: Flexor Hallucis Longus
FHC: Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
FHR: Fetal Heart Rate
FHT: Fetal Heart Tones
FHx, FH: Family History
Fib: Fibrinogen
FIGO: Federation of Gynecology & Obstetrics
FIGLU: FormlminoGLUtamate
FiO2: Fracation of inspired air that is 02
Fl: Flatus; Fluid
FLRs: Full Leather Restraints
FM: Fetal Movement
FMD: FibroMuscular Dysplasia (arterial disease; e.g. RAS in children & young=
women)
FMR: Fetal Maternal Ratio (of serum drug concentrations)
F-N: Finger-to-Nose (cerebellar function testing)
FNA: Fine Needle Aspiration
FNR: False Negative Rate [=3D P(T+/D+) =3D 1 - Sensitivity]
FOB: Father Of Baby; FiberOptic Bronchoscopy
FOIs: Flight Of Ideas (Psych.)
FPB: Flexor Pollicis Brevis
FPC: Familial Polyposis Coli
FPD, CPD: Fetal-Pelvic Disproportion (Cephalo-)
FPL: Flexor Pollicis Longus
FPR: False Positive Rate [=3D P(T+/D Specificity]
FRC: Functional Residual Capacity (=3D Expiratory Reserve Volume + Residual=
Volume
FROM: Full Range Of Motion
FS: Finger Stick
FSBS: Fetal Scalp Blood Sampling
FSE: Fetal Scalp Electrode
FSG: Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
FSH: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
FSP: Fibrin Split Products
FT: Full Term (Obstet.)
FTA-ABS: Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody ABSorption (test for syphilis)
FTT: Failure To Thrive
f/u: follow-up
5-FU: 5-FluoroUracil
FUO: Fever of Unknown Origin
FVC: Forced Vital Capacity
Fx: Fixed; Fracture
GA: General Anesthesia; Gestational Age
GABA: Gamma-AminoButyric Acid
GAD: Generalized Anxiety Disorder
GAF: Global Assessment of Function
GAP: Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry
GB: Gall Bladder
GBS: Group B Streptococcus; Guillain-Barre Syndrome
GC: GonoCoccus
G-CSF: Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor
GCT: Giant Cell Tumor
GD: Goal-Directed (Psych)
GERD: GastroEsophageal Reflux Disease
GET, GETA: General EndoTracheal Anesthesia
GF: GirlFriend
GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate
GH: Growth Hormone
GHRH: Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone
GI: GastroIntestinal
GIFT: Gamete IntraFallopian Transfer
GIT: Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
GM-CSF: Granulocyte-Monocyte Colony Stimulating Factor
GN: GroleruloNephritis
GNC: Gram Negative Cocci
GNR: Gram Negative Rods
GnRH: Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
GnRHa: Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone agonists
GP: General Practitioner
GPC: Gram Positive Cocci
G6PD: Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase
GPR: Gram Positive Rods
GRAN: GRANulocyte count
GS: General Surgery
GSW: GunShot Wound
GTN: Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia
GTT: Glucose Tolerance Test
GU: GenitoUrinary
Gy: Gray (1 Gray =3D 100 rad =3D 1 joule/l<g)
GYN: GYNecology; GYNecologist
H/A: HeadAche
HAI: HemAgglutination-lnhibiting antibody titer (e.g. Rubella)
HAV: Hepatitis A Virus
Hb: Hemoglobin
HB Ag: Hepatitis B (s: surface; c: core; e) Antigen
HbC: Hemoglobin C
HbF: Fetal Hemoglobin
HBI: HepatoBiliary Imaging
HBIG: Hepatitis B Immune Globulin
HbS: Sickle Hemoglobin
HBP: High Blood Pressure
HBV: Hepatitis B Virus
HCC: HepatoCellular Carcinoma
HCD: Heacy Chain Disease
hCG: human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Hct: Hematocrit
HCV: Hepatitis C Virus
HD: Hospital Day; Hodgkin's Disease; HemoDialysis
HDL: High Density Lipoproteins
HDCV: Human Diploid Cell Vaccine
HDV: Hepatitis D Virus
H&E: Hematoxylin & Eosin
HEENT: Head, Eye, Ear, Nose, & Throat
HELLP Synrome: Hemolysis, Elevated LFTs, Low Platelets (syndrome in=
pregnancy
HEV: Hepatitis E Vinus
Hgb: Hemoglobin
HGSIL: High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
H/H: Hemoglobin/Hematocrit
HHNK: Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Non-Ketosis
Hl: Homocidal Ideation
5-HIAA: 5- HydroxylndoleAcetic Acid (principal metabolite of serotonin;=
excreted in urine)
HIDA: Tc-99m-1abeled IminoDiacetic Acid derivative scan (to determine cystic=
duct patency;
bile duct filling without gallbladder filling suggests acute cholecystitis
HIV: Human ImmunoDeficiency Virus
HKAFO: Hip/Knee/Ankle/Foot Orthosis
HLA: Histocompatability Locus Antigen; Human Leukocyte Antigen
HM: Hydatidiform Mole
hMG: human MenopaLsal Gonadotropin
HMG-CoAR: 3-Hydroxy-3-MethylGlutaryl-Coenzyme A Reductase
HMO: Health Maintenance Organization
HNV: Has Not Voided (urine)
HO: House Officer
h/o: history of
H&P: History & Physical
HPF: High Power Field
HPI: History of Present Illness
hPL: human Placental Lactogen
HPLC: High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
HPV: Human Papilloma Virus
HR: Heart Rate
HRT: Hormone Replacement Therapy
hs: hora somni, "hour of sleep", bedtime
H-S: Heel-to-Shin (cerebellar function testing)
HSG: HysteroSalpingoGram
HSM: HepatoSplenoMegaly
HSV: Herpes Simplex Virus
Ht: Height
5-HT: 5-HydroxyTryptamine (serotonin)
HTLV: Human T-Cell Leukemia Virus
HTN: HyperTensioN
HUS: Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Head Ultrasound
HUV: Human Umbilical Vein (reinforced with Dacron)
HVA: HomoVanyllic Acid (principal metabolite of dopamine; excreted in urine)
Hx: History
1: bipolar lead from right arm to left arm (electrocardiogram)
IAN: Intern Admission Note
IBD: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
IC: Inspiratory Capacity (Tidal Volume + Inspiratory Reserve Volume)
ICD-9-CM: International Classification of Diseases, Injuries, & Causes of=
Death, 9th Edition,
with Clinical Modification Codes
ICF: IntraCellular Fluid; Intermediate Care Facility
ICP: IntraCranial Pressure
ICRT: IntraCavitary Radiation Therapy (Gyn)
ICS: InterCostal Space
ICU: Intensive Care Unit
ID: Infectious Disease
I & D: Incision & Drainage
ID50: Infectious Dose in 50% of experimental subjects
IDDM: Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
IDL: Intermediate Density Lipoproteins
IDM: Infant of Diabetic Mother
IDU: lodoDeoxyUridine
IE: Infective Endocarditis
IFA: ImmunoFluorescence Assay
IFABP: Intestinal Fatty Acid Binding Protein (elevated in ischemic bowel=
disease)
Ig: Immunoglobulin
IGF: Insulin-like Growth Factor
IH: Inguinal Hernia
IHD: Ischemic Heart Disease
IHSS: Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis
II: bipolar lead from left arm to left leg (electrocardiogram)
III: bipolar lead from right arm to left leg (electrocardiogram)
IJ: Internal Jugular (vein)
IL: InterLeukin
IM: IntraMuscular
IMA: Inferior Mesenteric Artery
IMP: IMPression
IMV: Inferior Mesenteric Vein; Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation (machine=
breaths between
spontaneous breaths with delivery of predetermined number of breaths per=
minute)
INH: Isoniazid
INR: MHO
INRC: Identity-Negation-Reciprocity-Correlativity groups (Psych.)
I/O, I&O: Input/Output
IOL: IntraOcular Lens
IOP: IntraOcular Pressure
IOR: Ideas Of Reference (Psych.)
IOUS: IntraOperative UltraSonography
IP: IntraPeritoneal
IPA: IsoPropyl (rubbing) Alcohol
IPCC: Intermittent Pneumatic Calf Compression (used intraoperatively to=
prevent DV)
IPG: Impedance PlethysmoGraphy (measures maximal venous outpuUcapacitance)
IPN: Intern Progress Note
IPPB: Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing (=3DIPPR=3DIPPV)
IPPR: Intermittent Positive Pressure Respiration (=3DIPPB=3DIPPV)
IPPS: International Pilot Project for Schizophrenia
IPPV: Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation (=3DIPPB=3DIPPR)
IPSID: ImmunoProliferative Small Intestine Disease
IQ: Intelligence Quotient (=3D [Mental Age/Chronological Age] X 100)
IR: Internal Rotation
IRV: Inspiratory Reserve Volume
IS: Incentive Spirometer; International Standard
ISC: Interview Schedule for Children (Psych.)
ISS: Injury Severity Score
ITP: Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura, Interdisciplinary Treatment Plan
ITT: Internal Tibial Torsion (a comon etiology of in-toeing)
IU: International Units
IUD: IntraUterine Device
IUFD: IntraUterine Fetal Demise
IUGR: IntraUterine Growth Retardation
IUI: IntraUterine Insemination
IUP: IntraUterine Pregnancy
IUPC: IntraUterine Pressure Catheter
IV: IntraVenous
IVC: Inferior Vena Cava; IntraVenous Cholangiography
IVCD: IntraVentricular Conduction Defect
IVDA: IntraVenous Drug Abuse
IVF: IntraVenous Fluids; In Vitro Fertilization
IVF/ET: In Vitro Fertilization/ Embryp Transfer
IVP: IntraVenous Pyelogram; Increased Vascular Permeability
JP: Jackson-Pratt (drain)
JRAN: Junior Resident Admission Note
JRPN:Junior Resident Progress Note
JVD: Jugular Venous Distention
JVP: Jugular Venous Pressure
KAFO: Knee/Ankle/Foot Orthosis
KJ: Knee Jerk
KS: Kaposi's Sarcoma
K-SADS-P: Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age=
Children
KUB: Kidney, Ureters, Bladder (X-ray series)
KVO: Keep Vein Open
L: Left; Lymphocyte
L&D: Labor & Delivery
LA: Left Arm
LAA: Left Atrial Abnormality
LABA: Laser-Assisted Balloon Angioplasty
LAC: LACeration
LAD: Left Anterior Decending (branch ot the left coronary artery) Left Axis=
Deviation
LAFB: Left Anterior Fascicular Block
LAK: Lymphokine-Activated Killer (cells
LAO: Left Anterior Oblique
LAP: Laft Atrial Pressure (in the absence of mitral valve disease, LAP =3D=
LVEDP; 5-15 mm Hg)
LATS: Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator (=3D TSI; TSIG)
LBBB: Left Bundle Branch Block
LBP: Low Back Pain
LCA: Left Coronary Artery
LCIS: Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (breast)
LCL: Lateral Collateral Ligament
LCS: Low Continuous Suction (nasogastric tube)
LCT: Long-Chain Triglycerides
LCU: Life Change Units (Psych.)
LD: Lactate DeHydrogenase
LD50: Lethal Dose to 50% of experimental subjects
LDH: Lactate DeHydrogenase
LDL: Low Density Lipoproteins
LE: Lower Extremities; Lupus Erythematosus
LES: Lower Esophageal Sphincter
LFTs: Liver Function Tests
LGA: Large for Gestational Age
LGIB: Lower Gastrolntestinal Bleed
LGSIL: Low Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
LH: Leutenizing Hormone
LIH: Left Inguinal Hernia
LIP: Lymphocytic Interstitial Pneumonia (congenital infection in HIV=
infants)
LIS: Low Intermittent Suction (nasogastnc tube)
LKS: Liver, Kidney, Spleen
LL: Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Left Leg
LLETZ: Large Loop Electroexcision of the Transformation Zone
LLQ: Left Lower Quadrant
LLSB: Lower Left Sternal Border
LMP: Last Menstrual Period
LN: Lymph Nodes
LNMP: Last Normal Menstrual Period
LNS: Lymph Node Sampling
LOA: Lysis Of Adhesions; Left Occiput Anterior (Obstet.); Loosening Of=
Associations (Psych.)
LOC: Loss Of Consciousness
LOF: Loss of Fluid
LOP: Left Occiput Posterior (Obstet.)
LOS: Length Of Stay
LOT: Left Occiput Transverse (Obstet.)
LP: Lumbar Puncture
LPF: Low Power Field (microscope)
LPFB: Left Posterior Fascicular Block
LPO: Left Posterior Oblique
LS, L/S: Lecithin/Sphingomyelin (ratio)
LSB: Left Sternal Border
LSD: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
LSE: Libman-Sacks Endocarditis (2ary to SLE)
L/S/K: Liver/Spleen/Kidneys
LSO: Left SalpingoOophorectomy
LSS: Liver-Spleen Scan
LT: Lactated Ringer's (solution)
LT C/S: Low Transverse Cesarean Section
LTF: Laparoscopic Tubal Fulguration
LTV: Long-Term Variability
LUNA: Laparoscopic Uterosacral Nerve Ablation
LUQ: Left Upper Quadrant
LV: Left Ventricle
LV C/S: Low Vertical Cesarean Section
LVEDP: Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure (5-15 mm Hg)
LVEF: Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
LVFP: Left Ventricular Filling Pressure
LVH: Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
LYMPH: LYMPHocyte count
M: Murmur; Monocyte; Mother
MAC: Minimum Alveolar Concentration (of an inhalational anesthetic at 1 ATM=
that produces
immobility of 50% of experimental subjects in the presence of a noxious=
stimulus)
MAI: Mycobacterium Avium-lntracellulare
MAO: MonoAmine Oxidase
MAOI: MonoAmine Oxidase Inhibitor
MAP: Mean Arterial Pressure (=3D DP + [SP-DP]/3; 80-90 mm Hg)
MARS: Metal ARtifact Subtraction (CT scan)
MAT: Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia
MBD: Minimal Brain Dysfunction
MBF: Married Black Female
MBM: Married Black Man
MBW: Married Black Woman
MCA: Middle Cerebral Artery; MotorCycle Accident (=3DMCC)
MCC: MotorCycle Crash (=3DMCA)
MCD: Minimal Change Disease
MCH: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin
MCHC: Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration
MCL: MidClavicular Line; Medial Collateral Ligament
MCP: MetaCarpoPhalangeal (joint)
MCT: Medullary Collecting Tubule; Medullary Carcinoma of the Thyroid;=
Medium-Chain Triglycerides
MCTD: Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
MCV: Mean Corpuscular Volume
MDGF: Macrophage-Derived Growth Factor
MDI: Metered Dose Inhalers
MDP: Maximal Diastolic Potential (=3D resting potential)
MEC: MEConium
MEF50%VC: Mid Expiratory Flow at 50% Vital Capacity
MEN: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (syndrome)
META: METAmyelocyte count
MFFT: (Kagan's) Matching Familiar Figures Test (measures impulsivity)
MFH: Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
MG: Myasthenia Gravis
MGF: Maternal GrandFather
MGM: Maternal GrandMother
MGT: ManaGemenT
MHC: Major Histocompatibility Complex
MHPG: 3-Methoxy-4-HydroxyPhenylGlycol (metabolite of norepinephrine;=
excreted in urine)
Ml: Myocardial Infarction
MIC: Minimal Inhibitory Concentration
MICU: Medical Intensive Care Unit
MJ: MariJuana
MLC: Mixed Lymphocyte Culture (to measure recipient response to inactivated=
donor Iymphs)
MLF: Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus
MMC: Migrating Motor Complex
MMEF: Maximal MidExpiratory Flow
MMK: Marshall-Marchetti-Kranz (surgical procedure to relieve stress=
incontinence in women)
MMM: Mucous Membranes Moist
MMP: Methadone Maintenance Program
MMPI: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MMR: Measles-Mumps-Rubella (live, attenuated viruses vaccine)
MMS; MMSE: Mini-Mental Status Exam
MMT: Mixed Mullerian Tumor
MN: MidNight
MNA: MidNight Awakening
MOD: Medical Oncall Doctor
MOM: Milk Of Magnesia; Multiples Of the Mean
MONO: MONOcyte count
MP: MetacarpoPhalangeal (joint;=3DMCP)
MPH: MethylPHenidate (Ritalin; Rx for inattention in ADHD)
MPS: MucoPoluSaccharidosis
MPV: Mean Platelet Volume
MR: Mitral Regurgitation
M/RlG: Murmurs/Rubs/Gallops
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRSA: Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
MS: Mitral Stenosis; Multiple Sclerosis; Mental Status
MSAFP: Maternal Serum AlphaFetoProtein
MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheets
MSE: Mental Status Exam
MSOF: Multi-System Organ Failure
MTT: Marrow Transit Time (evaluates respnsiveness to erythropoietin)
MTX: MethoTreXate
multip: multipara
MV: Mitral Valve; Minute Ventilation (=3D Respiratory Rate X Tidal Volume)
MVA: Motor Vehicle Accident (=3DMVC)
MVC: Motor Vehicle Crash (=3DMVA)
MVO: Maximal Venous Output
MVP: Mitral Valve Prolapse
MWF: Married White Female
MWM: Married White Man
MWW: Married White Woman
NA: Narcotics Anonymous; Not Applicable; Not Available
N/A: Not Applicable; Not Available
NABS: Normal Active Bowel Sounds
NACPD: No Active CardioPulmonary Disease
NAD: No Apparent Distress
NANB: Non-A, Non-B Hepatitis
NAPA: N-Acetyl ProcainAmide (active metabolite of procainamide)
NAS: No Added Salt (diet)
NASTTWs: No Acute ST-T Wave Changes
NBTE: NonBacterial Thrombotic Endocarditis
NC: Nasal Canula (oxygenation route)
NCAT, NC/AT: NormoCephalic/ATraumatic
NCI: National Cancer Institute
NCS: Nerve Conduction Studies
NCPAP: Nasal C-Pap
ND/NT: Non Distended/NonTender
NE: NorEpinephrine
NEC: Necrotizing EnteroColitis (newborns)
NEMDs: Nonspecific Esophogeal Motility Disorders
NG: NasoGastric
NGT: NasoGastric Tube
NGTD: No Growth To Date
NHLs: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas
NICU: Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit
NIDDM: Non-lnsulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
NIH: National Institute of Health
NIMH: National Institute of Mental Health
NK: Natural Killer (cells)
NKDA: No Known Drug Allergies
NKHS: Non-Ketotic Hyperosmolar Syndrome
nl: normal
NM: NightMare
NML, nml: NorMaL
NMS: Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
NNH: NeoNatal Hepatitis
NOK: Next Of Kin
NON-R: NON-Reactive
NOS: Not Otherwise Specified
NOSIE: Nurse Observation Scale for Inpatient Education
NPH: Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus; Neutral Protamine Hagedorn=
(intermediate-acting insulin
NPN: Nurse PractitioNer
NPO: nil per os, "nothing by mouth"
NPV: Negative Predictive Value [=3D P(D )]
NPY: NeuroPeptide Y
NREM: Non-Rapid Eye Movement (sleep)
NS, N/S: Normal Saline
NSABP: Narional Surgical Adjuvant Breast & Bowel Project
NSAID: NonSteroidal Anti-lnflammatory Drug
NSCJ: New SquamoColumnar Junction (Gyn.)
NSD: Normal Spontaneous Delivery
NSR: Normal Sinus Rhythm
NSSTTWs: NonSpecific ST-T Wave Changes
NSG: NurSinG
NST: NonStress Test
NSVD: Normal Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery
NTD: Neural Tube Defect
NTG: NiTroGlycerin
NT/ND: Nontender/Nondistended
NV: Next Visit
N/V. N&V: Nausea & Vomiting
NVD: Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea: Neck Vein Distention; No Venereal Disease
O: Objective (physical exam); blood type O
OA: OsteoArthritis; Occiput Anterior (Obstet.)
OB: OBstetrics
OBS: Organic Brain Syndrome
O2C: O2 Consumption (=3D CaO2-CvO2] x CO x 10; 250 ml/min; 130-160ml/min/m2)
OC: Oral Contraception
occ: OCCasional
OCD: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCG: Oral CholecystoGram (to detect gallstones; replaced by ultrasound)
OCP: Oral Contraceptive Pills
OCT: Oxytocin Challenge Test
OD: OverDose; oculus dexter, "right eye"; Optical Density
O2D: O2 Delivery (=3D CO x CaO2 x 10; 900-1200 ml/min)
OGTT: Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
OI: Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Oligo: Oligohydramnios
OMD: Organic Mental Disorder
ONC: ONCology; ONCologist
OOB: Out Of Bed
OP: OPerative; OPeration; OutPatient; OroPharynx; Occiput Posterior=
(Obstet.)
O/P: OroPharynx
OPD: Out Patient Department
OPG: OculoPlethysmoGraphy
OPSS: Overwhelming Post-Splenectomy Sepsis
OPV: Oral Polio Vaccine (live, inactivated virus)
ORIF: Open Reduction & Intemal Fixation
ORTHO: ORTHOpedics
Orthopod: Orthopedic surgeon
OS: oculus sinister, "left eye"; Oral Surgery
OSCJ: Outer SquamoColumnar Junction (Gyn.)
OT/PT: see SGOT/SGPT
OU: both eyes
O/W: OtherWise
P, p: Pulse; post-; Plan; P wave of atrial activation on electrocardiogram,=
with bar - after
PAB: Premature Atrial Beat
PABA: Para-AminoBenzoic Acid
PAC: Premature Atrial Contraction
PaC02: arterial partial pressure of C02 (40 mm Hg)
PACU: Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (=3D recovery room)
PAD: Pulmonary Artery Diastolic (pressure; 7mm Hg)
PAF: Platelet-Activating Factor
PALNS: PeriAortic Lymph Node Sampling
PAN: PolyArteritis Nodosa
Pa O2: arterial partial pressure of 02 (90-100 mm Hg)
PAP: PAPanicolao (smear); Pulmonary Artery Pressure (S/D =3D 20/7 mm Hg);=
Positive Air Pressure
PASG: Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (MAST trousers)
PAT: Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia
PAW, PAWP: Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure
PBC: Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
PBPs: Penicillin-Binding Proteins
PBS: Peripheral Blood Smear
pc: after meals
PCA: Patient-Controlled Analgesia; Posterior Cerebral Artery
PCBs: PolyChlorinated Biphenyls
PCH: Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria
PCL: Posterior Cruciate Ligament
PCM: Protein and/or Calorie Malnutrition
PCN: PeniCilliN
PCP: Pnemocystis Carinii Pneumonia; PhenylCyclidine
PCR: Polymerase Chain Reaction
PCT: Proximal Convoluted Tubule; Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
PCV: PolyCythenia Vera
PCW, PCWP: Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (~LA pressure)
PCXR: Portable Chest X-Ray
PD: Peritoneal Dialysis
PDA: Patent Ductus Arteriosus
PDD: Pervasive Developmental Disorder
PDGF: Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (released at injury; attracts cells;=
causes proliferation and increases collegen deposition=20
rate)
PDR: Physician's Desk Reference (of drugs)
PE: Physical Exam; Pulmonary Embolism; Pleural Effusion
PERRLA: Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light & Accomodation
PEC: Physician Emergency Commitment
PEDS: PEDiatricS; PEDiatricianS
PEEP: Positive End Expiratory Pressure (to maintain airway pressure above=
ambient pressure)
PET: Pre-eclampsia, Eclampsia & Toxemia
PFFD: Proximal Focal Femoral Deficiency
PEG: Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
PET: Positron Emission Tomography
PFA: Profunda Femoris Artery
PFTs: Pulmonary Function Tests
PG: ProstaGlandin; Post-Gestational; PhosphatidylGlycerol; PrimaGravida;=
Plasma Glucose
PGF: Paternal GrandFather
PGM: Paternal GrandMother
PGV: Proximal Gastric Vagotomy
PH, PHx: Past History
PI: Phosphatidyllnositol; Paranoid Ideation
PICU: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
PIE: Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema
PIF: Prolactin Inhibiting Factor
PIH: Pregnancy-lnduced Hypertension
PIP: Proximal InterPhalangeal (joint)
PIPIDA: see HIDA
PIT: PlTocin; PlTressin; Plasma Iron Transport (rate at which iron leaves=
plasma)
PJB: Premature Junctional Beat
PJs: PaJamas
PJT: Premature Junctional Tachycardia
PKD: Polycystic Kidney Disease
PKU: PhenylKetonUria
PLAT: PLATelet count
PLNS: Pelvic Lymph Node Sampling
PLS-AFO: Posterior Leaf Spring-Ankle/Foot Orthosis
PLT: PLateleT count; PLateleT concentrate (30-40 ml/unit; increases PLT=
count by 20-25K)
PM: Post-Meridian (evening)
PMB: Post-Menopausal Bleeding
PMD: Primary Medical Doctor
PMH, PMHx: Past Medical History
PMI: Point of Maximal Impulse
PML: Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy
PMN: PolyMorphoNuclear (leukocyte)
PMP: Previous Menstrual Period; Post MenoPausal
PMR: PolyMyalgia Rheumatica: Pennatal Mortality Rate PosteroMedial Release=
(Rx of Talipes equinovarus)
PMS: PreMenstrual Syndrome
PNC: PreNatal Care
PND: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
PNH: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria
PNV: PreNatal Vitamins
po: per os . "by mouth"
PO2: Partial Pressure of O2
POC: Products Of Conception
POD: PostOperative Day; Psychiatry Oncall Doctor
POF: Premature Ovarian Failure
pp: postpartum
PPD, ppd: Purified Protein Derivative (tuberculin test); packs per day=
(cigarettes), PostPartum Day
PPI: Plateau Pressure (OO 1/1ung compliance)
PPN: Peripheral Parenteral Nutrition
PPNG: Penicillinase-Producing Neisseria Gonorrheae
PPO: Preferred Provider Organization
PPRF: Pontine Paramedian Reticular Formation
PPROM: Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes (Obstet.)
PPT: Post Partum Tubal ligation
PPTL: Prandial (after a meal)
PPV: Postive Pressure Ventilation; Positive Predictive Value [=3D P(D+/T+)]
pr, PR: per rectum, "by rectum"; Progesterone Receptor; PR interval on=
electrocardiogram
PRA: Plasma Renin Activity
PRBC: Packed Red Blood Cells (200 ml/unit; raises hematocrit by 3-4%)
PRCA: Pure Red Cell Aplasia
PRF: Prolactin Releasing Factor
primip: primipara (Obstet.)
PRL: PRoLactin
prn: pro re nata, "as needed"
PROM: Passive Range Of Motion; Premature Rupture Of Membranes (Obstet.)
PSA: Prostate-Specific Antigen (tumor marker)
PSC: Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
PSH, PSHx, PsurgHx: Past Surgical History
PSS: Progressive Systemic Sclerosis
PSV: Pressure Support Ventilation
PSVT: Paroxysmal SupraVentricular Tachycardia
PT: PatienT; Posterior Tibial (artery); Prothrombin Time; Physical Therapy;=
Proximal Tubule
PTA: Prior To Admission; Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty
PTC:Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiogram(for visualizing ducts in=
presence of obstruction)
PTCA: Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty
PTFE: PolyTetraFluoroEthylene (GORE-TEX)
PTH: ParaThyroid Hormone
PTL: PreTerm Labor
PT/PTT: Prothrombin Time/partial Thromboplastin Time
PTSD: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTT: Partial Thromboplastin Time
PTU: PropylThioUracil
PTX: PneumoThoraX
PUBS: Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling
PUD: Peptic Ulcer Disease
Pulm: Pulmonary
PUVA: Psoralent UltraViolet Light
PV: Peripheral Vascular (surgery); Portal Vein
PVC: Premature Ventricular Contraction
PVD: Peripheral Vascular Disease
Pv02: mixed venous P02
PVR: Post Void Residual (bladder, < 100-150ml); Pulse-Volume Recording=
(non-invasive vascular study);
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (=3D[(MAP-PCWP) x 80]/CO; 100-400=
dyne-sec/cm5)
PVT: Paroxysmal Ventricular Tachycardia
PZI: Protamine Zinc Insulin (long-acting: 24-40 hrs)
q: "negative"
q: quaque, "every"; q wave on electrocardiogram
qAM: every morning
qd: every day
qid: 4 times a day
qh: every hour
q...h: every...hours
qhs: at the hour of sleep
qod: every other day
qPM: every evening
QRS: QRS complex on electrocardiogram
qs, QS: every shift; quantity sufficent (of intake, output)
QT: QT interval on electrocardiogram
aUART: QUadrantectomy, Axiallary node dissection & Radiation Therapy
R: Right; Rub; Respirations; R wave on electrocardiogram
RA: Right Atrium; Room Air; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Right Arm
R/A: Room Air
RAA: Right Atrial Abnormality
RAD: Radiation Absorbed Dose (1 rad =3D 0.01 Gray =3D 0.01 joule/kg); Right=
Axis Deviation (ECG)
RAO: Right Anterior Oblique
RAN: Resident Admission Note
RAP: Right Atrial Pressure (5-15 mm Hg)
RAS: Renal Artery Stenosis
RBBB: Right Bundle Branch Block
RBC: Red Blood Cell
RBF: Renal Blood Flow (=3D [Renal Plasma Flow]/[1 - Hematocrit])
RBP: Retinal-Binding Protein
RCA: Right Coronary Artery
rCBF: regional Cerebral Blood Flow (uses Xe-133)
RCC: Renal Cell Carcinoma
RDA: Recommended Daily Allowance
RDS: Respiratory Distress Syndrome
RDW: Red cell Distribution Width
REAC: REACtive (test)
Rehab: Rehabilitation
REM: Rapid Eye Movement
RES: ReticuloEndothelial System
REV T3: REVerse Triiodothyronine (serum level; inactive)
RF: Rheumatoid Factor; Rheumatic Fever
RFLP: Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism
RF/SF: Rheumatic Fever/scarlet Fever?
R/G/M: Rubs/GallopslMurmurs
RGO: Reciprocal Gait Orthosis (paraplegic walker)
Rh: Rhesus factor (antigen)
RHD: Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rl: Rubella Immune
RIA: RadiolmmunoAssay
RIBA: Radiolmmuno Blood Assay (test for Hepatitis C)
RICE: Rest Ice Compression Elevation
RIH: Right Inguinal Hernia
RIND: Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit (24 hrs < RIND < 7 days)
RL: Right Leg
RLQ: Right Lower Quadrant
RME: Resting Metabolic Rate
RMS: RhabdoMyoSarcoma
RMSF: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
RN: Registered Nurse
R/O: Rule Out
ROA: Right Occiput Anterior (Obstet.)
ROM: Range Of Motion; Rupture Of Membranes (Obstet.)
ROMI: Rule Out Myocardial Infarction
ROP: Right Occiput Posterior (Obstet.)
ROS: Review Of Systems
ROT: Right Occiput Transverse (Obstet.)
RP: Resting Potential
RPGN: Rapidly Progressive GlomeruloNephritis
RPN: Resident Progress Note
RPO: Right Posterior Oblique
RPR: Rapid Plasma Region (test for syphilis)
RQ: Respiratory Quotient (CO2:O2 ratio consumed with oxidation of food [0.71=
for fatty acids;
0.81 for proteins; 1.0 for carbohydrates])
RR: Recovery Room; Respiratory Rate
RRR: Regular Rate & Rhythm (heart)
RSD: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
RSO: Right SalpingoOophorectomy
RTA: Renal Tubular Acidosis
RTC: Return To Clinic
RTUS: Real-Time UltraSonography
RUQ: Right Upper Quadrant
RV: Right Ventricle; Residual Volume; RectoVaginal (exam)
R/V: RectoVaginal (exam)
RVEDP: Right Ventricular End-Diastolic Pressure
RVEDV: Right Ventricular End-Diastolic Volume
RVEF: Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction
RVH: Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Rx: Treatment, prescription
Rxn: Reaction
s: sine ,"without"; subjective (patient history); s wave on=
electrocardiogram; single
Sl: 1st heart Sound (closure of mitral & tncuspid valves)
S2: 2nd heart Sound (closure of aortic & pulmonary valves)
S3: 3rd heart Sound (diastolic filling)
S4: 4th heart Sound (atrial kick)
S<D: Size smaller than Dates
S>D: Size larger than Dates
SA: SinoAtrial; Suicide Attempt
SAAG: Serum-Ascites Albumin Gradient (=3D [serum conc.] - [ascites conc.]; >=
1.1 g/dl =3D portal hypertension)
SAB: Spontaneous ABortion
SAH: SubArachnoid Hemorrhage
SAIE: SubAcute Infectious Endocarditis
SAN: SinoAtrial Node
SaO2: Arterial 02 Saturation (100 %)
SART: Society for Assisted Reproduction Technology
SAT, Sat: SATuration
SATP: Substance Abuse Treatment Program
SBE: Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis; Self Breast Exam
SBF: Single Black Female
SBM: Single Black Male
SBO: Small Bowel Obstruction
SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure; Spontaneous Bactrial Peritonitis
SBR: Small Bowel Resection
SBW: Single Black Woman
SC: SubCutaneous
SCC: Squamous Cell Carcinoma
SCD: Sudden Cardiac Death
SCFE: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
SCID: Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease
SCM: SubCutaneous Muscle
SDH: subdural hematoma
S/D: SystoliclDiastolic
SEG: SEGmented neutrophil count
SEM: Systolic Ejection Murmur; Scanning Electron Microscope; Standard Error=
of the Mean
SEMI: SubEndocardial Myocardial Infarction
SFA: Superficial Femoral Artery (continuation of common femoral artery)
SGA: Small for Gestational Age
SGOT: Serum Glutamate-Oxaloacetate Transaminase
SGPT: Serum Glutamate-Pyruvate Transaminase
SH, SHx: Social History
SI: Suicidal Ideation; Stroke Index (SV/BSA; 35-40 ml/beaVm2)
SIADH: Syndrome of Inappropriate AntiDiuretic Hormone (secretion)
SIAN: Sub-lntern Admission Note
SICU: Surgical Intensive Care Unit
SIDS: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
SIL: Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
SIMV: Synchronized IMV (machine breaths synchronized Witl start of=
spontaneous lhalatlon
SIPN: Sub-lntern Progress Note
SIV: Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
SL, sl: SubLingual; slight
Sln: Solution
SLD: Size Less than Dates (Obstet.)
SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; St. Louis Encephalitis
SLL: Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
SLR: Straight Leg Raise
SM: Systolic Murmur
SMA: Superior Mesenteric Artery
SMAS: SubMuscular Aponeurosis System
SMBG: Self-Monoitoring of Blood Glucose
SMO: SupraMalleolar Osteotomy
SMV: Superior Mesenteric Vein
SNF: Skilled Nursing Facility
SNW: Social NetWork
SOAP: Subjective, Objective, Assessment, & Plan (note)
SOB: Shortness Of Breath
SOD: Surgery Oncall Doctor; SuperOxide Dismutase (O2. > OH.)
SP: Systolic Pressure (< 140 mm Hg)
s/p: status post-
sp. ab: SPontaneous Abortion
SPEC DRUGS: SPECial DRUGS
SPECT: Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
SPEP: Serum Protein ElectroPhoresis
SPLATT: SPLit Anterior tibial Tendon Transfer
SPT: Septic Pelvic Thrombophlebitis
SQ: Subcutaneous
SR: (normal) Sinus Rhythm; Sustained Release
SRMD: Stress-Related Mucosal Damage
SROM: Spontaneous Rupture Of Membranes (Obstet.)
SRS-A: Slow Reacting Substance of Anaphylaxis
SS: Social Security
SSBG: Sex Steroid Binding Globulin
SSCP: SubSternal Chest Pain
SSDI: Social Security Disability Insurance
SSE: Soap Suds Enema; Sterile Speculum Exam (Gyn. +x3 - Ferning, Pooling,=
Nitrozyme)
SSPE: Subacute Sclerosing PanEncephalitis (Measles complication)
SSRI: Serotonin Specific Reuptake Inhibitors (ie Prozac)
ST: ST segment on electrocardiogram; Spinal Tenderness: Sinus Tachycardia
Stat: statim, "immediately"
STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease
STSA: Side To Side Anastomosis
STSG: Split Thickness Skin Graft
sulfa: sulfonamide-containing drug
STS/VDRL: Serological test for syphilis
STV: Short Term Variability
SUI: Stress Urinary Incontinence
SV: SupraVentricular; Stroke Volume; Splenic Vein
SVD: Spontaneous Vaginal Delivery
SVC: Superior Vena Cava
SVE; Sterile Vaginal Exam
SVG: Saphenous Vein Graft
SvO2: mixed venous O2 saturation
SVR: Systemic Vascular Resistance (=3D [(MAP-CVP) x 80]/CO; 1000-1500=
dyne-sec/cm5)
SVT: SupraVentricular Tachycardia (a paroysmal atrial or junctional AV=
nodal] tachycardia)
SW: Stab Wound
SWF: Single White Female
SWM: Single White Man
SWW: Single White Woman
Sx: Symptoms
T: Temperature; T wave on electrocardiogram
T3: Triiodothyronine
T4: helper T-cell (CD4+); Tetraiodothyronine (thyroxine)
T8: suppressor T-cell (CD8+)
TA: Temporal Arteritis
T&A: Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy
TAB: Therapeutic ABortion
TAH: Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
TAL: Tendo-Achilles Lengthening
TAT: Thematic Apperception Test
TB: TuBerculosis; Total Bilirubin
TBG: Thyroxine-Binding Globulin
TBILI: Total BlLlrubin serum concentration
TCA: TriCyclic Antidepressant; TriChloroAcetate
TCC: Transitional Cell Carcinoma
TcP02: Transcutaneous P02 (peripheral vessels)
TD: Tardive Dyskinesia
Tech: Technician
TEDS: Stockings
TEE: TransEsophogeal Echocardiogram
TEM: Transmission Electron Microscope
TENS: Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
TFCC: Triangular FibroCartilage Complex (attached to ulnar styloid; similar=
to menisci of knee)
TFTs: Thyroid Function Tests
TG: TriGlyceride
TGA: Tranposition of the Great Arteries
TGF: Transforming Growth Factor
THA: Total Hip Arthroplasty (=3DTHR)
THC: TetraHydroCannabinol (marijuana)
THR: Total Hip Replacement (=3DTHA)
TIA: Transient Ischemic Attack (symptom duration < 24 hrs)
TIBC: Total Iron Binding Capacity (increases with low iron states & vice=
versa)
tid: 3 times a day
TIPS: Transjugular Intrahepatic Portal Shunt
TKA: Total Knee Arthroplasty (=3DTKR)
TKR: Total Knee Replacement (=3DTKA)
TL: Tubal Ligation
TLA: TransLuminal Angioplasty
TLC: Total Lung Capacity (=3D VC + RV; VC =3D IRV + TV + ERV + RV); Triple=
Lumen Catheter
nso: ThoracoLumbar Spinal Orthosis (support in scoliosis)
Tm: maximum Temperature (achieved)
TM: Tympanic Membrane
TMJ: TemporoMandibular Joint (disease)
Tn: Temperature now (current temperature)
TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor
TNM: Tumor-Node-Metastasis
TOA: TuboOvarian Abscess
TOB, Tob: TOBacco
TOC: Test Of Cure
TOP: Termination Of Pregnancy
TORCH: Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes
TPHA: Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay
TPN: Total Parenteral Nutrition (=3D hyperalimentation)
TPR: Total Peripheral Resistance (see SVR); Temperature, Pulse, Respirations
Tr, tr: Trace
Trans: Transfusion; Transfused
TRH: Thyrotropin Releasing Hormone
TS: Tourette's Syndrome
T&S: Type & Screen
TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
TSI, TSIG: Thyroid Stimulating ImmunoGlobulin (=3D LATS)
TRIC: TRlChomonas
TSIG, TSI: Thyroid Stimulating ImmunoGlobulin (=3D LATS)
TSIG-P: Thyroid Stimulating ImmunoGlobulin Protector
TTP: Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
TURP: TransUrethral Resection of the Prostate
TV: Tidal Volume
TVH: TuboVaginal Hysterectomy
Tx: Treatment; Transfusion
TxA2: Thromboxane A2
TXP: TransPlant
U, u: unit (-500 ml of fresh whole blood [1 donationl); U wave on=
electrocardiogram
UA: Uric Acid; Urine Analysis; Umbilical rtery
U/A: Urine Analysis
UA/C&S: Urine Analysis, Culture & Sensitivity
UAG: Urine Anion Gap (=3D Na + K - Cl)
UC: Ulcerative Colitis; Uterine Contraction
UCG: Urinary Chorionic Gonadatropin
UCHD: Usual Childhood Diseases
UCP: Urethral Closing Pressure
UCPP: Urethral Closing Pressure Profile
UE: Upper Extremities
UES: Upper Esophageal Sphincter
UFC: Urine Free Cortisol
UGI: Upper Gastrolntestinal (x-ray series)
UGIB: Upper Gastrolntestinal Bleed
UhCG: Urinary human Chononic Gonadotropin
UI: Urinary Incontinence
UMCD: Uremic Medullary Cystic Disease
unit: a section of the hospital; 00 ml of fresh whole blood (1 donation)
UO, U/O: Urinary Output
UPEP: Urine Protein ElectroPhoresis
U p/g: Urinary protein & glucose
UPSC: Uterine Papillary-Serous Carcinoma
Urea-N: (Blood) Urea Nitrogen
URI, URTI: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
Urine-CC: Clean Catch Unne (specimen)
URTI, URI: Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
US, U/S: UltraSonography
USOGH: Usual State of Good Health
USOH: Usual State Of Health
UTI: Urinary Tract Infection
UUN: Urinary Urea Nitrogen (gm N2 per 24 hours)
UV: Umbilical Vein
V1-V6: the 6 precordial leadson electrocardiogram
VAIN: VAginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia
VAS: Valvular Aortic Stenosis
VB: Vaginal Bleeding
VBAC: Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (section)
VC: Vital Capacity (=3D Inspiratory Reserve Volume + rldal Volume +=
Expiratory Reserve Volume)
VCA: Viral Capsid Antigen (of the Epstein-Barr Vinus)
VD: Venereal Disease
VDRL: Venereal Disease Research Laboratories (nonspecific test for=
treponemes)
VE: Vaginal Exam
VEE: Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis
VF: left leg electrode (electrocardiogram); Ventricular Fibrillation
VFib: Ventricular Fibrillation
VH: Visual Hallucinations
VIN: Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia
VIP Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
VL: Left arm electrode (electrocardiogram
VLDL: Very Low Density Lipoproteins
VMA: VanillylMandelic Acid (3-methoxy-4-hydroxymandelic acid;
major metabolite of catecholamines; excreted in urine)
VMI: VasoMotor Instability
VNA: Visiting Nurses' Association
VOD: Veno-Occlusive Disease
V & P: Vagotomy & Pyloroplasty (surgery in PUD)
VPA: ValProic Acid
VPC: Ventricular Premature Contraction
VPI: VeloPharyngeal Incompetence (inability to close nasopharynx with soft=
palate)
VR: Right arm electrode (electrocardiogram)
VRE: Vancomycin Resistent Enterococcus
VS: Vital Signs
VSD: Ventricular Septal Defect
VSS: Vital SignS, Vital Signs Stable
VTach: Ventricular Tachycardia
VTI: velocity time intergral
VW: Vietnam War
VZIG: Varicella-Zoster Immune Globulin
VZV: Varicella-Zoster Virus
W: White
WAF: Wound Angiogenesis Factor
WAIS-R: Wechsler Adult Intelligenc Scale-Revised
WBC: White Blood Cell (count)
w/c: wheelchair
WCC: White Cell Count
WEE: Westem Equine Encephalitis
WF: White Female
WHO: World Health Organization
WISC-R: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised
WLE: Wide Local Excision
WK-R: WeaKly Reactive (test)
WM: White Male
WNL: Within Normal Limits
WPW: Woltf-Parkinson-White (syndrome)
Wt: Weight
w/u: work-up
WW: White Woman
WWP: Warm & Well Perfused
x: except
XRT: radiation (X-Ray) Therapy
yo: years old
ZE: Zollinger-Ellison (syndrome)
ZIFT: Zygote IntraFallopian Transfer

Tanatos
Повідомлень: 65
З нами з: 08 березня 2015, 22:06
Спеціальність: патологоанатом
Звідки: Житомир

Re: Англійські медичні абревіатури

Повідомлення#2 » 17 травня 2015, 23:38

Дякую, нічогенький такий списочок, згодиться.

Аватар користувача
Вікріл
Повідомлень: 107
З нами з: 22 березня 2015, 11:24
Спеціальність: хірург, ендоскопіст
Звідки: Україна

Re: Англійські медичні абревіатури

Повідомлення#3 » 17 червня 2015, 17:43

Знайшов непоганий медичний англійський словник онлайн Посилання доступне лише для зареєстрованих користувачів - це я шукав скорочення PCI якого в цьому списку немає.

Повернутись до “Корисна медична інформація”

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